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Essay On Education System In India Merits And Demerits

There are evidences of imparting formal education in ancient India under the Karakul system. Under the Karakul system, young boys who were passing through the Pharmacy’s stage of life had to stay at the Guru or the teacher’s home and complete their education. Although the ancient system of education has produced many geniuses and still a major area of research.

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Women and people of lower castes gradually lost their right to educate themselves. The spread of Jansenism, Buddhism, Backbit and Useful movements did have some liberating effects on the condition of the women. But it is the English language and the reformation movements of the 19th century that had the most liberating effect in pre-independent India. Thus, the Barristers, although rightly criticized for devastating the Indian economy, can also be credited for bringing a revolution In the Indian education system. II.

Types of Education There are different types of education in India. Every individual has the right to choose a method (As mentioned below) for his education. Universities play a major role in the lives of students in India. There are universities focusing on the study of medicine, arts and language, Journalism, social work, business, commerce, planning, architecture, engineering, and other specialized studies. Most Indian universities teach In English Medium and conduct special language classes for those weak In English.

With 343 universities and 1 7000 colleges, India offers a wide spectrum of courses that are recognized globally. Apart from undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses, there are many training and diploma-level institutes and loutishness that cater to the growing demand for skill-based and vocational education. The quality education that India offers Is within the reach of every Income- group considering the reasonable fee structure. With 66 distance education institutions functioning In 60 universities besides 11 open unlettered. India has an enlarged outreach of distance education as well.

Present Condition of Education in India: Soon after gaining independence In 1947, making education available to all had become a priority for the government. As delimitation on the basis of caste and ender has been a major impediment in the healthy development of the Indian society, they have been made unlawful by the Indian constitution. The 86th constitutional amendment has also made elementary education a fundamental right for the children between the age group- 6 to 14. According to the 2001 census, the total literacy rate In India Is 65. 8%. The female literacy rate Is only India. This is evident from the fact that only 59. 4% of rural population are literate as against 80. 3% urban population according to the 2001 census. In order to develop the higher education system, the government had established the University Grants Commission in 1953. The primary role of ICC has been to regulate the standard and spread of higher education in India. There has been a marked progress in the expansion of higher education if we look at the increase of higher educational institutes in India.

The higher education system in India comprise of more thanks colleges, 20 central universities, 217 State Universities, 106 Deemed to Universities and 13 institutes of National importance. This number will soon inflate as the setting up of 30 more central universities, 8 new Its, 7 alms and 5 new Indian Institutes of Science are now proposed. Education System in India: The present education system in India mainly comprises of primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education. Elementary education consists of eight years of education.

Each of secondary and senior secondary education consists of two years of education. Higher education in India starts after passing the higher secondary education or the 12th standard. Depending on the stream, doing graduation in India can take three to five years. Post graduate courses are generally of two to three years of duration. After completing post graduation, scope for doing research in various educational institutes also remains open. Prominent Educational Institutes in India: There are quite a good number of educational institutes in India that can compete with the best educational institutes of the world.

The Indian Institutes of Technology (Its), Indian Institutes of Management (“MS), Indian Institutes of Science, National Law Schools, Charlatan Nehru University are some such institutes. Education for the Normalized in India: As education is the means for bringing socio- economic transformation in a society, arioso measures are being taken to enhance the access of education to the normalized sections of the society. One such measure is the introduction of the reservation system in the institutes of higher education.

Under the present law, 7. 5% seats in the higher educational institutes are reserved for the scheduled tribes, 15% for scheduled castes and 27% for the non creamy layers of the Other Backward Classes (Bobs). Under the Indian constitution, various minority groups can also set up their own educational institutes. Efforts are also being taken to improve the access to higher education among the women of India by setting up various educational institutes exclusively for them or reserving seats in the already existing institutes.

The growing acceptance of distance learning courses and expansion of the open university system is also contributing a lot in the demagnification of higher education in India. Quality of education in India continue to haunt the policy makers till this date. This has mainly been due to the widespread poverty and various prejudices. The inability to check the drop out rates among the normalized sections of the population is another cause of worry.

However, the renewed emphasis in the education sector in the 1 lath five year plan and increased expenditure in both primary and higher education can act as palliatives for the Indian education system. Education has become a career necessity in today’s business world. College graduation will qualify you for many Jobs that would not be available to you any other way. Your career advancement should be easier because some Job promotions require a college degree. Education will help you develop your skills in reasoning, tolerance, reflection, and communication.

These skills will help you resolve the conflicts and solve crisis that come up in the course of a personal or professional life. Education will also help you understand other people’s viewpoints, and learn how to disagree sensibly. A satisfied life depends upon the rational resolution of conflicts and crises. Of course, these critical skills can be developed without going to college, but the college environment has proven to be a good place to practice, learn and polish skills that will last you a lifetime. Meeting new people, making new friends, companionship, and sharing new experiences lead to personal growth

Advantages and disadvantages of Examination System in India

The most important function of a Board or a Council or a University in India is to hold examinations. From the very beginning of his student life, the very impression of an examination is ingrained in his mind. He is given to understand that, in due course, the examinations are the sole determinants of his future life.


Examinations have gathered in a tremendous importance in the scheme of life of a student in India. There is, of course, no denying the fact that examinations are imperatively necessary for the students. No other method is yet in the horizon to assess the merits of the students objectively.

All the students are not always the willing sorts to mind their lessons and prepare them adequately in order to reap the full benefit out of them. The system of examinations compels them to this direction.

In the public examination the examiners are not known to the examinees. The examiners have no scope to be prejudiced in their job of examining the scripts; and an honest assessment of the merits of the students can be made through examinations.

The richest endowment a student is offered by the examination is that he inculcates in him a zeal for healthy competition; and without this spirit a student can scarcely shine in life.

The present examination system may offer a possible chance to a mediocre student to score better results than a really meritorious one.


The existing system of examination with its yardstick fails to measure properly the merit of such a student. A student of gifted intelligence and talent can never remain confined to the narrow zone of his text books. His horizon is wider. On the other hand, a student may be of an average merit. But he guesses with precision about the probable questions; and he reproduces them neatly in the examination. His results may be quite attractive. This anomaly is the creation of the present examination system in India.

In the present system an examinee is to answer quite a good number of questions within a very limited time. Obviously, he finds no scope to answer from his conception and thinking. As an inevitable consequence, he crams the lessons and answers from memory. Thus, the true assessment of merit becomes a far cry.

The examiners are to examine a large number of scripts in a comparatively short period of time. In a hurry they too are not expected to do justice in the uniform valuation of the answer scripts. Moreover, the mood of the examiners under varying circumstances is, sometimes, reflected in the task.


This examination system needs an overhauling. The method of judging a student’s merit in a single examination needs some changes. A student’s records with his tutor for the entire academic session are to be taken into consideration before making the final judgment of his performance. Methods should be devised to make the qualitative assessment of the students. Thus, the darkness of chaos will disappear in the wake of the illuminating light of cosmos.

Also read: Essay on Indian Education System

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